Kouhai Là Gì

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Have you ever wondered what the word Senpai means? Have you also wondered what Kouhai means? What is the relationship between these two Japanese words? You probably have heard an anime character calling another by those names. Thinking to answer your question, let"s investigate the meaning and the relationship between these two words.

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The words Senpai and Kouhai are treatment feesbased on status and hierarchy. The difference is that these words are often used with affection and appreciation, and not as a position or idea that someone is superior to someone else. In theory, there is no literal translation, but it can be explained.

Let"s study each of these words in depth. To facilitate your navigation, we will leave a article index below:


Table of Content Show
12.Senpai and Kouhai anime 13.Videos related to Senpai and Kouhai

The meaning of Senpai

Senpai <先輩> is equivalent to the western concept of veteran or tutor. This word is often used to refer to an older and more experienced person, a mentor, or senior. It is a respectful treatment for older or more experienced people, a parent, graduate, or someone years ahead in school education.


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Relationship between Kouhai and Senpai

The senpaishould show compassion by listening and putting yourself in the kouhaiexploring your thoughts and feelings. Many have already felt the relief that results from talking to someone who is willing to listen to them. Senpai must realize that kohai at certain times needs help, and they must create the right conditions for conversation. He needs to make himself available whenever necessary.

In Japanese sports clubs, such as baseball teams, kouhai generally perform various household chores for senpai including washing and cleaning. O kōhaiyou cannot participate in all club activities until you have a certain experience.


In japanese martial arts, the term senpai generally refers to students at the last level, who have a black belt. They are chosen to help sensei with younger or less experienced students.

If you are in the habit of watching drama and anime, you must have noticed the relationship between them or noticed several times that students refer to older ones as senpai. Some, when they become veterans, feel proud and satisfied, and do their utmost to help newcomers.

Unfortunately, there are many cases, that veterans do not play their roles, and act in an ignorant and contemptible way, offending the kouhai and people of lower levels, where it can also occur ijime (bullying).It is unlikely that people like that will be called by the honorific or receive special treatment.

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The love between Senpai and Kouhai

It is common for young high school students to fall in love with their senpai, this defined a new concept the word as in the word crush. This even won memes like “notice me senpai”Which means watch me or notice me, an expression that also emerged from anime and manga. This expression indicates the need for approval that many people have for older or higher elements.

Unlike crush, which is used for Platonic love. Senpai is one level up, because we have a little intimacy, and we know the person. They take care of the kouhai in a way that they fall in love. The fact that the kouhai is one level down causes them to have no hope of a relationship, especially when kouhai, there the suffering is even greater.


Senpai and Kouhai in anime and manga

Most who fell in this article probably heard the word Senpai and Kouhai through anime and manga. This is because most anime take place at school, where these 2 treatments are usually used. Not to mention anime that show masters, work, or another specific area of life that uses these 2 treatments.

Below we will leave a anime list and manga that depict the relationship between senpai and kouhai, despite most school anime do this:

Gekkan Shoujo Nozaki-kun - A great example of how not to be noticed;Itazura na Kiss! - A beautiful romantic comedy;

If you want to play something related, we recommendYandere Simulator! But beware that he is very macabre!

There are countless cases and ways to describe the relationship between senpai and kōhai.I hope this brief summary has helped you to understand the meaning of these 2 words.

At the end of this article we will provide a list of Anime that show the relationship between Senpai and Kouhai. Including recommending the best Anime about Senpai E Kouhai.


Seonbae and Hubae - Senpai in Korean

Seonbae <선배> comes from the same etymology as Senpai, almost a synonym. You refer to a mentor or someone who attends the same school as you, but who has a higher ranking as a senior than a freshman.

When seonbae is applied to taekwondo, the Koryo shape has a floor pattern that traces the Hanja character to seonbae; in this context, the term seonbae refers to a class of civil servants from ancient Korea.

Hubae <후배> is the equivalent of Kouhai, used to refer to freshmen and juniors. Usually, people in senior and junior relationships are called Seonbaenim <선배님> and Hubaenim <후배 님>, where the nim equals one Korean treatment suffix.

Senpai x Kouhai - Hierarchy

This hierarchy is common in countries where the majority are Confucian, such as Japan and Korea. “Veterans have enormous social power with respect to the“ newbies ”, who are the vast majority. Social norms are ideologically justified on this occasion.

The Senpai have powerful social power over the Kouhai in Japan and Korea. Senpai have the right to discriminate against kouhai as a privilege, and have the right to use a negative expression also and the right to request the expression of obedience.

In some cases, the "senior" is implicitly recognized within the group as having the right to order something from the "junior". Some even take advantage of this power to make freshmen buy things, without an ounce of love and empathy.

The power of senpai varies depending on each club and school, in schools like Nistai Women’s Volleyball Club, there are 300 items that lower class students should do. The fact is, freshmen have far more tasks than veterans.

Although the objective of this freshman and veteran hierarchy is good, unfortunately it is not fulfilled with due respect by a good number of students. Usually in this case, freshmen tend to move away from a particular senpai.

Senpai abuses with Kouhai

Of course, there are cases where the freshman may feel hit by the shade, have grudges, and in the future be forced to assume the position of “senpai” in social norms. No one is forced to follow the hierarchy, but it is very likely that it will negatively affect the entire chain.

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Those who criticize the system think that it is arbitrary and unfair, that senpai are often aggressive and that the system results in students who are shy or afraid to stand out. For example, some kōhais fear that if they overcome their senpai in an activity, their senpai will lose their readiness, some even compel the kouhai to apologize.

Some take advantage of the abuse of power (power hara) to make the slave freshmen. Usually using offensive language, forcing the freshman or subordinate to carry their luggage, do their schoolwork and even use violence.

For this reason, Japan preaches the positive side of this hierarchy of Senpai-Kouhai. People are encouraged to see freshmen as “new friends” who help each other in many ways, and do not consider them to be inferior or use tools.

As mentioned, being a Senpai is a delicate and more complicated task than being a freshman kouhai. Certainly those who do not take this relationship seriously end up suffering serious consequences in the future of their life.


History and Origin of Senpai and Kouhai

The system senpai-kōhai is deeply rooted in Japanese history. Three elements had a significant impact on its development: Confucianism, the traditional Japanese family system and the 1898 Civil Code.

Confucianism arrived from China between the 6th and 9th centuries, but the derived line of thought that brought about profound social changes in Japan was Neo-Confucianism, which became the official doctrine of the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1867).

The precepts of loyalty and filial piety dominated the Japanese at the time, as the respect for the elders and the cult of ancestors that Chinese Confucianism taught were well accepted by the Japanese, and these influences spread throughout daily life.


The Japanese family system (家 ie) was also regulated by Confucian codes of conduct and had an influence on the establishment of the senpai-kōhai relationship. In this family system, the father, as the male head, had absolute power over the family and the eldest son inherited the family’s property.

The father had power because he was the one who received an education and was seen as having superior ethical knowledge. Since reverence for superiors was considered a virtue in Japanese society, the wife and children had to obey it.

In addition to the hereditary system, only the eldest son could receive the father’s belongings, and neither the eldest daughter nor the youngest children received anything from him.


The last factor that influenced the senpai-kōhai system was the Civil Code of 1898, which strengthened the rules of seniority privilege and reinforced the traditional family system, giving clear definitions of hierarchical values within the family.

This was called koshusei <戸主制> which means head of the family system, in which the head of the family had the right to command his family and the eldest son inherited that position. These statutes were abolished in 1947, after Japan’s surrender at the end of World War II. However, these ideals remained for the following years as a psychological influence on Japanese society.

Senpai and Kouhai anime

In addition to those mentioned above, we want to end the article with a list of Anime that show the relationship between Senpai and Kouhai:

Seishun Buta Yarou wa Bunny Girl-senpai no Yume wo Minai

Abnormal events due to problems in adolescence have happened frequently in the life of Sakuta Azusagawa, these events are called Puberty Syndrome.

Her life changes when Mai Sakurajima a famous actress, her Senpai at Colegio, who starts dressing up as a Play Boy bunny due to Puberty Syndrome.


Ijiranaide, nagatoro san

This anime tells the story of a girl named Nagatoro who is Kouhai from an extremely shy and antisocial student, but who does bullying with him, is not a good example of Kouhai.

This anime is very painful, the girl is extremely sadistic and moody, but for some reason this anime is very successful and presents to be a lot of fun.


List of Anime about Senpai and Kouhai

Clannad; Yagate kimi ni naru; Ijiranaide, nagatoro sanSeitokaichou ni ChuukokuGanbare, Douki-chanMagical Sempai

Videos related to Senpai and Kouhai

To finish the article, we will leave some videos related to the words investigated in this article. If you liked the article leave your comments and share with friends.